Causes of Kidney Failure in Young People and How to Prevent It

Causes of Kidney Failure in Young People and How to Prevent It

Chronic kidney disease or kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys gradually lose their function. Launching the Mayo Clinic, the kidney organ functions to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. The waste is then excreted in the form of urine.

When kidney failure reaches an advanced stage, fluids, electrolytes, and harmful waste accumulate in the sufferer’s body.

Causes of kidney failure

Kidney failure can be caused by various diseases, including:

Type 1 or 2 diabetes

High blood pressure

Glomerulonephritis (inflammation in the filtering part of the kidney)

Interstitial nephritis (an infection that causes inflammation and swelling in the kidneys)

Polycystic kidney disease

Enlarged prostate, kidney stones, cancer

Recurrent kidney infections

In addition, the risk of kidney failure is also increased for people:

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Older age

Have kidney abnormalities

Have a family history of kidney disease

Have diabetes

Have high blood pressure

Have heart and cardiovascular disease



Why can young people get kidney failure?

Generally, chronic kidney disease affects older people.

However, young people under the age of 30 are also not immune to this dangerous disease.

Dr R.P. Mathur from the Department of Nephrology at the Indian Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences said that many cases of kidney failure occur because patients are unaware of their disease.

Based on his experience, Mathur said that 60 per cent of kidney failure patients he treats have entered the final stage.

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“People don’t realise until their kidney function declines significantly. The only options left for patients are organ transplantation or dialysis,” he explained, as reported by Hindustan Times.

Dr Vijay Kher, head of Fortis Escorts Kidney and Urology Institute India, said many young people develop kidney failure due to high blood pressure and diabetes.

He said today’s lifestyle, which is prone to stress, lack of movement, and a haphazard diet, triggers diabetes and high blood pressure among young people.

In addition to this unhealthy culture, the doctors also said that some young people also commonly ignore their health conditions.

In fact, minor illnesses such as urinary tract infections and kidney stones, when left untreated, can also lead to early kidney failure.

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How to maintain kidney health

Considering the dangers of this disease that can reduce the quality of life to cause death, there is no harm in maintaining kidney health from an early age.

Here are some ways to maintain kidney health according to a number of doctors:

Routinely check blood pressure, sugar, and blood creatine levels

Reduce salt and sugar intake

Exercise regularly

Don’t smoke

Keep your body weight ideal

Drink two litres of water a day

Limit consumption of red meat, fast food and processed foods

Avoid steroids

Do not use painkillers frequently.

In addition, doctors also warn people with a family history of kidney disease to pay extra attention to their health.

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